A Commentary on Psalms 27 Evangelist Danny Louis Abaldo D.Min
Introduction Psalms 27 Message In A Nut Shell, Confidence For Needed Deliverance From An Enemy
This Psalm, we know nothing of the exact occasion for it, as we only have the heading, ' A Psalm of David' This is common in many of King David’s Psalms. The Psalm is broken into three parts.
1. David’s confidence and total trust in the lord, and his praise To Jehovah, ( vr. 1-6 )
2. Davids Prayer, petion for delievernce his current need , ( vr. 7-12 )
3. A full circle , at the psalms end, ending in confidence and faith as the start of the psalm expressed.( vr. 13-14)
It is a song of cheerful hope, well fitted for those in trial who have learned to lean upon the Almighty arm. (Spurgen)
Psa 27:1 A Psalm of David. The LORD is my light and my salvation; whom shall I fear? the LORD is the strength of my life; of whom shall I be afraid?
The AV, American Standard Version, 1897, Always properly translated Jehovah, instead of KJV use of God, When it is proper and correct in its rendering of Jehovah.
For some reason the KJV simply does not follow the proper rendering of the name of God, His name is Jehovah. This is not sacred name theology, its no mystery, it is a simple fact. Gods proper name is Jehovah. You cannot take the bible and every time it says God, or Lord simply translates it as Jehovah, as in many places other names of Jehovah are used. My name is Dan, if someone yelled across the street, Jim, I would not look, as my name is Dan, if someone yelled, Dan, I would look . This is not to say, if the Gentile Church says lord, or God, the lord will not hear your prayer, it is only proper to use, in its right place and in prayer the lords proper name. He did not reveal his name until much later in history, why, no one knows, but now we know and sadly the KJV does a great disservice in its proper rendering. Oddly the JPS, ( Jewish Publication Society renders Jehovah hear as Lord and not Jehovah.
The original Hebrew word as Strong's gives says it plainly, why translations do not is a mystery.
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God: - Jehovah, the Lord. Compare H3050, H3069.
Vr. 1 A Psalm of David, Jehovah is my light and my salvation.
In the N.T. Jesus is our light and salvation, provided by Jehovah. To the Christian we read this song with the N.T. shedding light on the wording of the writer, as Messiah was not yet come. Jesus said, I am the light of life, Jesus said , I am the way the truth and life, no man comes to the father, but through me. It is salvation by faith alone in the blood of our lord and Savior Jesus Christ.
Jesus is our light, we are to also be lights set up on a hill as He shines in us, so we are not to hide the light, but let it shine forth in the present dark world we live in. Jesus said, ' I will never leave you, or forsake you, he is our present King that is lord of our life. The lords name , in my name you shall cast out daemons, lay hands on the sick and they shall recover and if you drink any deadly thing you shall not be harmed, (mark Ch 16) We are given authority in the name of Jesus, we are not to be in fear. Just as David says in verse 1. whom shall I fear, due to our light and salvation.
Jehovah is the strength of my life.
Strength not proper render. The JPS text correctly renders the word as the Hebrew does.
The LORD is the stronghold of my life; of whom shall I be afraid? Stronghold. Hebrew render is as follows.
מעז מעז מעוּז מעוז
mâ‛ôz mâ‛ûz mâ‛ôz mâ‛ûz
maw-oze', maw-ooz', maw-oze', maw-ooz'
From H5810; a fortified place; figuratively a defence: - force, fort (-ress), rock, strength (-en), (X most) strong (hold).
This is the correct render; other translations give more credence to this Hebrew words root word as it says.
A primitive root; to be stout (literally or figuratively): - harden, impudent, prevail, strengthen (self), be strong.
The lord Jehovah is our stronghold, this will bear out as the correct render in the verses to follow. Thank the lord He is our stronghold, when we are in desperate need of a place of safety.
Psa 27:2 When evil-doers came upon me to eat up my flesh, Even mine adversaries and my foes, they stumbled and fell. (AV)
Past tense, David is reflecting on past protection and victory, it serves us well to look back at previous divine interventions and graces of our lord to build our confidence and faith in present troubles and future troubles. David says they stumbled and fell before, and so I have confidence my enemies will again stumble and fall.
The only time we should ever look back, is at the goodness and love, salvation, miracles, needs meet and the faithfulness of our lord in past days. What the lord did before, he will do again, and this builds our faith muscles.
Jesus is still the same yesterday, today and forever, Jehovah changes not. We serve a lord that never changes, never moves, man at times may distance himself in disobedient or spiritual dry times, when we are not in pray daily, our spiritual senses become dull.
When dark clouds in our life are above, above the clouds the lord still shines forth, in our clouds, this silver lining should give hope, soon all will change and we will see the sun again. The lord is still on the throne 24/7 He has never left, took a vacation and our lord Jesus is forever making holy intersession for the saints of the lord.
Psa 27:3 Though an host should encamp against me, my heart shall not fear: though war should rise against me, in this will I be confident.( KJV )
Before the actual conflict, while as yet the battle is untried, the warrior's heart, being held in suspense, is very liable to become fluttered. The encamping host often inspires greater dread than the same host in actual affray.
Young tells us of some -
“Who feel a thousand deaths in fearing one.”
Doubtless the shadow of anticipated trouble is, to timorous minds, a more prolific source of sorrow than the trouble itself, but faith puts a strengthening plaster to the back of courage, and throws out of the window the dregs of the cup of trembling. “Though war should rise against me, in this will I be confident.” When it actually comes to push of pike, faith's shield will ward off the blow; and if the first brush should be but the beginning of a war, yet faith's banners will wave in spite of the foe. Though battle should succeed battle, and one campaign should be followed by another, the believer will not be dismayed at the length of the conflict. Reader, this third verse is the comfortable and logical inference from the second, confidence is the child of experience. Have you been delivered out of great perils? then set up your ensign, wait at your watch-fire, and let the enemy do his worst. ( Spurgen)
Note ; the words, my heart shall not fear and in this will I be confident. The psalm’s are filled with no fear, trust and confidence. As Spurgen aptly said, 'Doubtless the shadow of anticipated trouble is, to timorous minds, a more prolific source of sorrow than the trouble itself'
Youngs words are wise and true as well, “Who feel a thousand deaths in fearing one.”
How often do we find ourselves in so much fear concerning a matter only to find out in the end, it never happened, or was not as bad as we thought it would be. The only thing to fear is fear itself. 2Tim 1:7 God has not given us a spirit of timidity, but of power, love and self control, ( proper rendering from Greek) We should not have a spirit of timidity, fear, this is not from the spirit of the lord, but our flesh and the Devil. At times we all fear, this is normal, but to linger in fear is a lack of faith. Heb 11:6 For it is imposable to please the lord without faith, for all those who come to Jehovah must believe that he is, and he is the rewarder of them that diligently seek him. This is a call to, have faith in the lord. Be it the size of a mustard seed, it will be sufficient as that seed is watered, and cultivated in the study of scripture and prayer and praise.
When Elijah’s savant opened the door and saw the large army surrounding the place they had lodged for the night, he was in great fear, Elijah said there are more with us then those that are against us, yes if the lord be for us who can be against us.
Elijah than prayed, " Lord open his eyes" the servant than saw the great host surrounding in the lower sky all around the mountain landscape, the chariots of fire.
How we need to ask our dear lord when we are in fear, to open our blind eyes, blinded by fear, that we may see in our spiritual eyes and know, we have more with us then those that are against us, today this is the same case, we must have the eyes of faith and confidence in the lords protection and presence. Sometimes all we can do is cry out, lord I believe, help thou my unbelief, and the lord will help our unbelief and open our eyes that we may know and believe.
Eph 1:17 that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you a spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him;
Eph 1:18 having the eyes of your heart enlightened, that ye may know what is the hope of his calling, what the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the saints,
Eph 1:19 and what the exceeding greatness of his power to us-ward who believe, according to that working of the strength of his might
Eph 1:20 Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places,
Eph 1:21 Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come:
Eph 1:22 And hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church,
Eph 1:23 Which is his body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all.
Psa 27:4 One thing have I desired of the LORD, that will I seek after; that I may dwell in the house of the LORD all the days of my life, to behold the beauty of the LORD, and to enquire in his temple.
To the Christian, we are the temple of the Holy Spirit, we are the ark with wings and temple with feet, where we go, the lord goes. The kingdom of the lord is now within, in the O.T. it was without.
Where two or more are gathered in my name there, I am in the midst of them. No matter how small your Church, your home Church, or a couple, when you meet and have service, when you come together in Jesus name he manifests his presence.
In the O.T. it was the city Jerusalem and the Holy Temple. Today we have complete full access by Christ’s blood. We can enter the holy of holies. We come in the prayer closet, shut the door behind us, as the lord said, when you enter your prayer, close the door behind you, for the lord that hears in secret will reward publicly, in this life or the next.
We have the freedom to pray, when we no longer do, we will have to dare to be a Daniel, refuse to bow to the Idol of antichrist, and pray. If thrown to a lions den we will encounter angles going before us. This is confidence, this is faith building. If the lords will is to have us die, we are immediately with our lord, and the whole thing, this life and its sorrow, troubles, sickness will be over, in the twinkle of an eye, as Paul said, " to be absent from the body, is to be present with the lord".
Psa 27:5 For in the time of trouble he shall hide me in his pavilion: in the secret of his tabernacle shall he hide me; he shall set me up upon a rock.
A great cross reference Psalm to this verse and the whole Psalm is Ps. 91. Meditate and read it often. In this verse, we read in trouble we shall be hid in Jehovah’s pavilion.
This verse gives an excellent reason for the Psalmist's desire after communion with God, namely, that he was thus secured in the hour of peril. “For in the time of trouble,” that needy time, that time when others forsake me, “he shall hide me in his pavilion:” he shall give me the best of shelter in the worst of danger. The royal pavilion was erected in the centre of the army, and around it all the mighty men kept guard at all hours; thus in that divine sovereignty which almighty power is sworn to maintain, the believer peacefully is hidden, hidden not by himself furtively, but by the king, who hospitably entertains him. ( Spurgen)
Hebrew ; He Shall Hide-H6845
A primitive root; to hide (by covering over); by implication to hoard or reserve; figuratively to deny; specifically (favorably) to protect, (unfavorably) to lurk: - esteem, hide (-den one, self), lay up, lurk (be set) privily, (keep) secret (-ly, place).
Hebrew; me in his pavilion- H5520
From H5526; a hut (as of entwined boughs); also a lair: - covert, den, pavilion, tabernacle.
The proper Hebrew rendering hear is tabernacle and as we read in the next portion the word tabernacles is used all in harmony, the root word serves to bring out some important light on the word.
A primitive root; properly to entwine as a screen; by implication to fence in, cover over, (figuratively) protect: - cover, defense, defend, hedge in, join together, set, shut up.
This follows the rest of the verse in perfect harmony, as doe’s the main word, tabernacle.
In the secret of his tabernacle shall he hide me; Clark says,” In the secret of his tabernacle - Were there no other place, he would put me in the holy of holies, so that an enemy would not dare to approach me".
The holy of Holies is meant hear, and in the O.T. if anyone but the high priest dared to enter in the holy of holies , they would be struck dead, as well as the high priest if he was not sanctified, this is why when the high priest would enter the holy of holies one time a year on Yom Kipper, day of atonement, they put a rope around him, on the rope were bells and pomegranates, If the bells rang out, the others knew to pull out the dead priest. Thank the lord for N.T. grace and the free access to the holy place.
In The N.T. again this holy place is wherever we make it, it is not a building, a Church, it is anywhere the born again believer is, the place we enter to pray, be it outdoors, our home, a room, a cubical at work, a machine, or a mop, it becomes the holy of holies . This is the presence of the lord, this means not so much a geographical location, nor a certain place that we find our true refuge and hiding place, it is the presence of the lord that is our hiding place, our tabernacle, our shield our buckler.
The lord’s presence. We may have to closed the door behind us, wherever we may be in days ahead and pray, the blood is on the door posts of where you live ,if indeed it is on your hearts, you are in your safe place , in the very presence of the lord. This is the secret, it is not a safe haven, or hiding place in the mountains, and it is the lit, presence of the lord as your safety, wherever you are.
There may be place of safety as Pella was and as Goshen was, but many may not be able to get to these places in the days ahead, let it suffice and give confidence the door closed, in humble prayer, we are in the safe haven, our divine hiding place.
Part A, Part B to come