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Saturday, October 25, 2014

Paul's Last Holy 5-Give Me A High 5


2Ti 4:1 I charge thee therefore before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick and the dead at his appearing and his kingdom;

2Ti 4:2 Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine.

2Ti 4:3 For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears;

2Ti 4:4 And they shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables.

2Ti 4:5 But watch thou in all things, endure afflictions, do the work of an evangelist, make full proof of thy ministry.

These are the last five verses Paul wrote concerning ministry, the Christian walk, but ministry dos and don’t s.
The next couple speak of Paul , the last few things to do get something, find someone, beware of this one. last instructions .

These are 5 powerful verses and as said, the last. A book could be written, a commentary, on 5 verses. The last words of a Spiritual Father, to his Spiritual son who was like minded.

Vrs. 1 being the charge, command given, like Moses to Joshua. The seriousness of the charge, before the Holy Lord Jehovah and Jesus. Being given a charge before Heaven, the lord himself is serious and it should make any minister tremble, for these last 5 are for us as well. The lord commissions us before all heaven. It is not just an ordination board of men as Ch 3, but the heavenly ones. The lord of Lords, the only God in the universe. Powerful, serious. The charge, so we really are down to 4 specifics, but the 4 are made that more powerful and important in light of verse one's Holy Witness.

Vrs2. Paraphrase accurate to the Greek. Be ready with urgency to preach the word, when it is convenient and when it is not convenient, convict, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering.

The Greek for rebuke is very strong, we do not hear much of this now days. It should still be so, VWS brings out the gems in this verse.

2 Timothy 4:2

Be instant (ἐπίστηθι)
Better, be ready. Once in Paul, 1Th_5:3. Frequent in Luke and Acts. Lit. stand by, be at hand, be present. To come suddenly upon, Luk_2:38. Hence, be ready. Instant signifies urgent, importunate, persevering. Lat. instare to press upon. Thus Latimer, “I preached at the instant request of a curate.” So N.T., Rom_12:12, “Continuing instant in prayer.”

In season (εὐκαίρως)
Only here and Mar_14:11. lxx once, Sir. 18:22. Comp. ἀκαιρεῖσθαι to have leisure or opportunity, Mar_6:31; 1Co_16:12 : εὐκαιρία opportunity, Mat_26:16 : εὔκαιρος seasonable, convenient, Mar_6:21; Heb_4:16.
Out of season (ἀκαίρως)
N.T.o. lxx once, Sir. 35:4. Comp. ἀκαιρεῖσθαι to lack opportunity, Phi_4:10. Timothy is not advised to disregard opportuneness, but to discharge his duty to those with whom he deals, whether it be welcome or not.

Reprove (ἔλεγξον)
Rather, convict of their errors. See on 1Ti_5:20 and Joh_3:20. In Paul, 1Co_14:24; Eph_5:11, Eph_5:13. Comp. ἐλεγμόν conviction, 2Ti_3:16.

Rebuke (ἐπιτίμησον)
In Pastorals only here. oP. Mostly in the Synoptic Gospels, where it is frequent. It has two meanings: rebuke, as Mat_8:26; Luk_17:3, and charge, as Mat_12:16; Mat_16:20, commonly followed by ἵνα that or λέγων saying (Mat_20:31; Mar_1:25; Mar_3:12; Mar_8:30; Luk_4:35), but see Luk_9:21. The word implies a sharp, severe rebuke, with, possibly, a suggestion in some cases of impending penalty (τιμή); charge on pain of. This might go to justify the rendering of Holtzmann and von Soden, threaten. To charge on pain of penalty for disobedience implies a menace, in this case of future judgment.

Exhort (παρακάλεσον)
See on consolation, Luk_6:24; see on comfort, Act_9:31. Tischendorf changes the order of the three imperatives, reading ἔλεγξον, παρακάλεσον, ἐπιτίμησον.
In that case there is a climax: first convict of error, then, exhort to forsake error, finally threaten with the penalty of persistence in error.

With all longsuffering and doctrine (ἐν πασῃ μακροθυμίᾳ)
Πάσῃ, every possible exhibition of longsuffering, etc. For doctrine rend. teaching. The combination is suggestive. Longsuffering is to be maintained against the temptations to anger presented by the obstinacy and perverseness of certain hearers; and such are to be met, not merely with rebuke, but also with sound and reasonable instruction in the truth. So Calvin: “Those who are strong only in fervor and sharpness, but are not fortified with solid doctrine, weary themselves in their vigorous efforts, make a great noise, rave,... make no headway because they build without foundation.” Men will not be won to the truth by scolding. “They should understand what they hear, and learn by perceive why they are rebuked” (Bahnsen). Διδαχή teaching, only here and Tit_1:9 in Pastorals. The usual word is διδασκαλία. Paul uses both.

JFB:

be instant — that is, urgent, earnest, in the whole work of the ministry.

in season, out of season — that is, at all seasons; whether they regard your speaking as seasonable or unseasonable. “Just as the fountains, though none may draw from them, still flow on; and the rivers, though none drink of them, still run; so must we do all on our part in speaking, though none give heed to us” [Chrysostom, Homily, 30, vol. 5., p. 221]. I think with Chrysostom, there is included also the idea of times whether seasonable or unseasonable to Timothy himself; not merely when convenient, but when inconvenient to thee, night as well as day (Act_20:31), in danger as well as in safety, in prison and when doomed to death as well as when at large, not only in church, but everywhere and on all occasions, whenever and wherever the Lord’s work requires it.

reprove — “convict,” “confute.”

with, etc. — Greek, “IN (the element in which the exhortation ought to have place) all long-suffering (2Ti_2:24, 2Ti_2:25; 2Ti_3:10) and teaching”; compare 2Ti_2:24, “apt to teach.” The Greek for “doctrine” here is didache, but in 2Ti_3:16, didascalia. “Didascalia” is what one receives; “didache” is what is communicated [Tittmann].

JFB brings out a very interesting truth as we read;

Acts to discourses in the Christian Church. Justin Martyr [Apology, 2], describes the order of public worship, “On Sunday all meet and the writings of the apostles and prophets are read; then the president delivers a discourse; after this all stand up and pray; then there is offered bread and wine and water; the president likewise prays and gives thanks, and the people solemnly assent, saying, Amen.” The bishops and presbyters had the right and duty to preach, but they sometimes called on deacons, and even laymen, to preach. Eusebius [Ecclesiastical History, 6.19]; in this the Church imitated the synagogue (Luk_4:17-22; Act_13:15, Act_13:16).

The Church imitated the worship in a synagogue, in a since. Note: Laymen could preach, this was huge in the Methodist church. The royal priesthood of all believers taken serious, as every Christian is a minister in some ministry, be it helps, giving, what one may see as the lower , but needed , the leg can not say to the eye I have no need of you, without sight where would the legs walk? If you have great sight, but no legs, how well do you get around? Think before wheel chairs folks. LOL. serious.

This all tells us the way to preach, teach, the word, the bible, doing so as Ezra did, so people understand all that is said, and why, and what they can do about it. These all must be in any good bible sermon, or teaching, or the minister, lay preacher, anyone, misses the mark completely. Scold , yell , rant, pound the pulpit, and not explain why, and give the way to change. The severe word rebuke, this needs an antidote or why say it, preach it such. Longsuffering is patience, putting up with people and in compassion, love and humbleness of heart and mind, presenting the truth of the word, until people get it, or reject it. Free will can only be applied correctly, and given its full chance of freedom if the word is delivered this way.


2Ti 4:3 For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears;

2Ti 4:4 And they shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables.

These two verses were not separated into verses when written, none of the bible was, they are as one verse, one truth, instruction.

The time will come, it has come before in history, in these last days it has never been so out right. The day has come we could say, that people can not endure sound bible doctrine, even if given in meekness, a soft voice, written word, in tears, sound doctrine no matter how it is delivered, is now rejected.

Free will...after their own cravings, desire for something else and not bible truth, we see people flocking to light gospels, easy safe, shallow, nothingness, false promises, and false doctrine with little or no bible at all. The people want it, they got it, and this is part of the judgment that starts, and is on the house, Church of God. Heaping to self, key word is heap, a huge pile, a big heap, many false teachers, teaching lies, watered down half truths, and many people sitting and loving it, no bible, no conviction, nothing. This is where we are at as a nation and as a world.

Turning ears by free choice from truth to a fable. This is the crux again, its all that can happen when sound doctrine is no longer taught and preached, all else are fables, fairy tales, lies. Words of men. not words of the bible, no word from the lord on high, but words from men that are low, carnal minded.

JFB:

2 Timothy 4:3

they — professing Christians.

sound doctrine — Greek, “the sound (see on 1Ti_1:10) doctrine (didascalias)” or “teaching,” namely, of the Gospel. Presently follows the concrete, “teachers.”

after their own lusts — Instead of regarding the will of God they dislike being interrupted in their lusts by true teachers.

heap — one on another: an indiscriminate mass of false teachers. Variety delights itching ears. “He who despises sound teaching, leaves sound teachers; they seek instructors like themselves” [Bengel]. It is the corruption of the people in the first instance, that creates priestcraft (Exo_32:1).

to themselves — such as will suit their depraved tastes; populus vult decipi, et decipiatur - “the people wish to be deceived, so let them be deceived.” “Like priest, like people” (1Ki_12:31; Hos_4:9).

itching — like to hear teachers who give them mere pleasure (Act_17:19-21), and do not offend by truths grating to their ears. They, as it were, tickle with pleasure the levity of the multitude [Cicero], who come as to a theater to hear what will delight their ears, not to learn [Seneca, Epistles, 10.8] what will do them good. “Itch in the ear is as bad in any other part of the body, and perhaps worse” [South].

RWP: Next verse:

2 Timothy 4:4

Will turn away their ears (tēn akoēn apostrepsousin). Future active of old verb apostrephō. See 1Co_12:17 for this use of akoē. The people stopped their ears and rushed at Stephen in Act_7:57.

Will turn aside (ektrapēsontai). Second future passive of ektrepō. They prefer “myths” to “the truth” as some today turn away to “humanism,” “bolshevism,” “new thought” or any other fad that will give a new momentary thrill to their itching ears and morbid minds.

Mystical things, new winds of doctrine, new thoughts, no doctrine at all, teaching of demons, such as the new age movement in the Neo- Charismatic Church, the Church of the Illuminati as the video showed below. Emerging Church theology, the bible is out dated and old fashioned we need no rules, new thought, new everything, the out dated bible is no longer relevant, reader it is what the post modern Joel Olsteen crowd honestly thinks and the people desire, to be a law unto themselves. The antiChrist comes with the same message , not just signs and wonders, do anything you want, all paths are good, and any sin is OK, because there is no hell. They , today, teach and believe this.


Last of the 5 verses:

2Ti 4:5 But watch thou in all things, endure afflictions, do the work of an evangelist, make full proof of thy ministry.

1. Watch in all things-Not T.V. will explain

2. Endure Afflictions-note the plural (s) not one, many

3. Do the work of an evangelist-Every one, minister, Pastor, Christian is to be doing the work of an Evangelist, most Pastors do not, most Christians do not fulfill the great commission at all.

4. Make full proof of thy ministry.

These four things mean;

JFB:

watch thou — literally, “with the wakefulness of one sober.”
in all things — on all occasions and under all circumstances (Tit_2:7).

endure affliction — suffer hardships [Alford].

evangelist — a missionary, bishop, preacher, and teacher.( note and ALL in any ministry and ALL Christians should be added by JFB )

make full proof of — fulfil in all its requirements, leaving nothing undone (Act_12:25; Rom_15:19; Col_4:17).

Barnes points this out, JFB lacking in exposition on that part see;

Do the work of an evangelist - On the word “evangelist,” see the notes on Act_21:8. The phrase here means, “do the work of preaching the gospel,” or of one appointed to proclaim the glad tidings of salvation. This is the proper business of all ministers, whatever other rank they may maintain. Whether it was ever regarded as the proper duty of a separate class of men to do this, see the notes on Eph_4:11.


What this is all saying, this holy 5, is the following and the why Paul is saying it.

I am no longer here to withstand these things; be thou a worthy successor of me, no longer depending on me for counsel, but thine own master, and swimming without the corks [Calvin]; follow my steps, inherit their result, and the honor of their end [Alford].






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