Pt One At,
There is no shortage of chapters to make my point, I am using a different slant, a different chapter than you may think, see why?
2Ch 18:1 Now Jehoshaphat had riches and honour in abundance, and joined affinity with Ahab.
2Ch 18:2 And after certain years he went down to Ahab to Samaria. And Ahab killed sheep and oxen for him in abundance, and for the people that he had with him, and persuaded him to go up with him to Ramothgilead.
2Ch 18:3 And Ahab king of Israel said unto Jehoshaphat king of Judah, Wilt thou go with me to Ramothgilead? And he answered him, I am as thou art, and my people as thy people; and we will be with thee in the war.
2Ch 18:4 And Jehoshaphat said unto the king of Israel, Enquire, I pray thee, at the word of the LORD to day.
2Ch 18:5 Therefore the king of Israel gathered together of prophets four hundred men, and said unto them, Shall we go to Ramothgilead to battle, or shall I forbear? And they said, Go up; for God will deliver it into the king's hand.
2Ch 18:6 But Jehoshaphat said, Is there not here a prophet of the LORD besides, that we might enquire of him?
2Ch 18:7 And the king of Israel said unto Jehoshaphat, There is yet one man, by whom we may enquire of the LORD: but I hate him; for he never prophesied good unto me, but always evil: the same is Micaiah the son of Imla. And Jehoshaphat said, Let not the king say so.
2Ch 18:8 And the king of Israel called for one of his officers, and said, Fetch quickly Micaiah the son of Imla.
2Ch 18:9 And the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat king of Judah sat either of them on his throne, clothed in their robes, and they sat in a void place at the entering in of the gate of Samaria; and all the prophets prophesied before them.
2Ch 18:10 And Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah had made him horns of iron, and said, Thus saith the LORD, With these thou shalt push Syria until they be consumed.
2Ch 18:11 And all the prophets prophesied so, saying, Go up to Ramothgilead, and prosper: for the LORD shall deliver it into the hand of the king.
2Ch 18:12 And the messenger that went to call Micaiah spake to him, saying, Behold, the words of the prophets declare good to the king with one assent; let thy word therefore, I pray thee, be like one of theirs, and speak thou good.
2Ch 18:13 And Micaiah said, As the LORD liveth, even what my God saith, that will I speak.
2Ch 18:14 And when he was come to the king, the king said unto him, Micaiah, shall we go to Ramothgilead to battle, or shall I forbear? And he said, Go ye up, and prosper, and they shall be delivered into your hand.
2Ch 18:15 And the king said to him, How many times shall I adjure thee that thou say nothing but the truth to me in the name of the LORD?
2Ch 18:16 Then he said, I did see all Israel scattered upon the mountains, as sheep that have no shepherd: and the LORD said, These have no master; let them return therefore every man to his house in peace.
2Ch 18:17 And the king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, Did I not tell thee that he would not prophesy good unto me, but evil?
2Ch 18:18 Again he said, Therefore hear the word of the LORD; I saw the LORD sitting upon his throne, and all the host of heaven standing on his right hand and on his left.
2Ch 18:19 And the LORD said, Who shall entice Ahab king of Israel, that he may go up and fall at Ramothgilead? And one spake saying after this manner, and another saying after that manner.
2Ch 18:20 Then there came out a spirit, and stood before the LORD, and said, I will entice him. And the LORD said unto him, Wherewith?
2Ch 18:21 And he said, I will go out, and be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets. And the LORD said, Thou shalt entice him, and thou shalt also prevail: go out, and do even so.
2Ch 18:22 Now therefore, behold, the LORD hath put a lying spirit in the mouth of these thy prophets, and the LORD hath spoken evil against thee.
2Ch 18:23 Then Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah came near, and smote Micaiah upon the cheek, and said, Which way went the Spirit of the LORD from me to speak unto thee?
2Ch 18:24 And Micaiah said, Behold, thou shalt see on that day when thou shalt go into an inner chamber to hide thyself.
2Ch 18:25 Then the king of Israel said, Take ye Micaiah, and carry him back to Amon the governor of the city, and to Joash the king's son;
2Ch 18:26 And say, Thus saith the king, Put this fellow in the prison, and feed him with bread of affliction and with water of affliction, until I return in peace.
2Ch 18:27 And Micaiah said, If thou certainly return in peace, then hath not the LORD spoken by me. And he said, Hearken, all ye people.
2Ch 18:28 So the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah went up to Ramothgilead.
2Ch 18:29 And the king of Israel said unto Jehoshaphat, I will disguise myself, and will go to the battle; but put thou on thy robes. So the king of Israel disguised himself; and they went to the battle.
2Ch 18:30 Now the king of Syria had commanded the captains of the chariots that were with him, saying, Fight ye not with small or great, save only with the king of Israel.
2Ch 18:31 And it came to pass, when the captains of the chariots saw Jehoshaphat, that they said, It is the king of Israel. Therefore they compassed about him to fight: but Jehoshaphat cried out, and the LORD helped him; and God moved them to depart from him.
2Ch 18:32 For it came to pass, that, when the captains of the chariots perceived that it was not the king of Israel, they turned back again from pursuing him.
2Ch 18:33 And a certain man drew a bow at a venture, and smote the king of Israel between the joints of the harness: therefore he said to his chariot man, Turn thine hand, that thou mayest carry me out of the host; for I am wounded.
2Ch 18:34 And the battle increased that day: howbeit the king of Israel stayed himself up in his chariot against the Syrians until the even: and about the time of the sun going down he died.
This chapter in a nut shell by Adam Clarke:
2 Chronicles 18
Jehoshaphat joins affinity with Ahab, king of Israel, 2Ch_18:1, 2Ch_18:2; who invites him to assist him in the war against the Syrians, to which Jehoshaphat agrees.
2Ch_18:3. They consult the prophets concerning the success of the war; and all, except Micaiah, promise Ahab victory.
2Ch_18:4-17. Micaiah relates his vision concerning the lying spirit in the mouth of Ahab’s prophets.
2Ch_18:18-22. Zedekiah, a false prophet, opposes Micaiah; and Micaiah is put in prison, 2Ch_18:23-27. Both the kings go against the Syrians; the confederate armies are defeated, and the king of Israel slain, 2Ch_18:28-31.
ISBE ON THIS:
ISBE On Micaiah and this Chapter;
The son of Imlah, the chief character of an important episode near the end of the reign of Ahab (1 Ki 22:4-28 parallel 2 Ch 18:3-27).
In the Hebrew, his name appears once in the contracted form “Micah” (2Ch_18:14). Ahab had suggested to his victor, Jehoshaphat, king of Judah, that they should undertake a joint campaign against Ramoth-gilead. Jehoshaphat politely acquiesced, but asked that the mind of Yahweh should first be ascertained. Ahab forthwith summoned the official prophets to the number of 400, into the royal presence.
Obsequious to their master, they, both by oracular utterance and by the symbolic action of their leader, Zedekiah, the son of Chenaanah, gave the king a favorable answer. Their ready chorus of assent seems to have made Jehoshaphat suspicious, for he pleaded that further guidance be sought.
Micaiah, for whom Ahab, then, with evident reluctance, sent, at first simply repeated the favorable response of the 400; but adjured by the king to speak the whole truth, he dropped his ironical tone, and in sad earnest described a vision of disaster.
Ahab endeavored to lessen the effect of this oracle by pettishly complaining that Micaiah was always to him a prophet of evil. The latter thereupon related an impressive vision of the heavenly court, whence he had seen a lying spirit dispatched by Yahweh to the prophets in order to bring about Ahab's delusion and downfall. In answer to a rude challenge from Zedekiah, who acted as spokesman for the 400, Micaiah confidently appealed to the issue for proof of the truth of his prediction, and was promptly commuted to prison by the king.
The narrative is exceedingly vivid and of the utmost interest to students of Issraelite prophecy. Several of its details have given rise to discussion, and the questions: How far were the prophet's visions objective? How far did he admit the inspiration of his opponents? Is the Divine action described consistent with the holy character of Yahweh? have occasioned difficulty to many. But their difficulty arises largely either because of their Christian viewpoint, or because of their hard and mechanical theory of prophetic inspiration.
Micaiah's position was a delicate one. Foreboding or foreseeing disaster, he did his best to avert it. This he could do only by weaning the king from the influence of the 400 time-serving prophets. He sought to gain his end; first, by an ironical acquiescence in their favorable answer; then, by a short oracle forecasting disaster especially to Ahab; and, these means having failed, by discrediting in the most solemn manner the courtly prophets opposed to him. Thus regarded, his vision contains no admission of their equal inspiration; rather is it an emphatic declaration that these men were uttering falsehood in Yahweh's name, thereby endangering their country's safety and their king's life.
Their obsequious time-service made them fit forerunners of the false prophets denounced by Jeremiah (Jer 23:9-40) and by Ezekiel (Eze_13:1-15). The frank anthropomorphism of the vision need be no stumbling-block if allowed to drop into its proper place as the literary device of a prophet intensely conscious of his own inspiration and as whole-heartedly patriotic as those opposed to him.
The record ends very abruptly, giving no account of Micaiah's vindication when at length the course of events brought about the fulfillment of his prediction. The closing words, “Hear, ye peoples, all of you” (1Ki_22:28 parallel 2Ch_18:27), a quotation of Mic_1:2, are an evident interpolation by some late scribe who confused the son of Imlah with the contemporary of Isaiah.
For fuller treatment see EB, HDB, and commentaries on Kings and Chronicles.
In this chapter we get a small but excellent look at an example of a false Prophet, they Prophesied, all would be well, peace, the victory was sure, soothing false prophets, these were Ahab's prophets of Baal, many if not all of them, but the true prophet Micaiah spoke truth, he was found out too speak truth as the end result. Micaiah's saw prison.
This chapter is a lot like Jer. In Jer. we have many chapters on false prophets against Jer preaching truth, Judgment, repentance. A false Prophet rose and withstood Jer as well, that sooth saying false Prophet dies a year later as Jer said would happen.
The False Prophets said;
2Ch 18:5 Then the king of Israel gathered the prophets together, four hundred men, and said unto them, Shall we go to Ramoth-gilead to battle, or shall I forbear? And they said, Go up; for God will deliver it into the hand of the king.
Even Evil Ahab new he was hearing soothing , false words, so Ahab enquirerd more.
2Ch 18:6 But Jehoshaphat said, Is there not here a prophet of Jehovah besides, that we may inquire of him?
2Ch 18:7 And the king of Israel said unto Jehoshaphat, There is yet one man by whom we may inquire of Jehovah: but I hate him; for he never prophesieth good concerning me, but always evil: the same is Micaiah the son of Imla. And Jehoshaphat said, Let not the king say so.
Ahab's view anyone but this Prophet that always speaks a hard word to Ahab, it was so, because Ahab needed to hear it, in the end he simply did as the false Prophets said.
The True Prophet said the following, see the difference;
2Ch 18:23 Then Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah came near, and smote Micaiah upon the cheek, and said, Which way went the Spirit of Jehovah from me to speak unto thee?
2Ch 18:24 And Micaiah said, Behold, thou shalt see on that day, when thou shalt go into an inner chamber to hide thyself.
2Ch 18:25 And the king of Israel said, Take ye Micaiah, and carry him back unto Amon the governor of the city, and to Joash the king's son;
2Ch 18:26 and say, Thus saith the king, Put this fellow in the prison, and feed him with bread of affliction and with water of affliction, until I return in peace.
A false Prophet in the old testament was never called a false Prophet by name, in the bible we read the Prophets, it is up to you to study about the O.T. Prophets, to see also how different the role is in the O.T. And N.T. Prophet.
Prophets preached repentance, returning to the lord, pure worship, no idols, but the people would not have it so, and they paid later when they were dispersed. The destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70 was just as Jesus said, he was the ultimate Prophet, being he was God in the flesh.
This shows us the plumb line is , false Prophets never preached conviction, never said turn from your wicked ways, and so the O.T. Covenant ones had no vision, no prophet for 400 hundred years, than came the greatest Prophet of all on the seen, John The Baptists, called the greatest Prophet of all time by Jesus.
What did John the Baptist preach? Repentance. The Prophet is different, odd . In the O.T. Many times true Prophets were called in Hebrew Mad Men, because when thy spoke under the unction, a sudden word, it burst forth at times, many times with great passion, and an intensity this is what labeled them as acting, talking, like mad men.
In this day and age reader we need more Mad Men, Paul said, if he is besides himself-Greek =Out of his mind-it is for the lord Jesus and the cross. May we all be called man men and women, passionate and truthful for Christ, if not you are not a true prophet. If you want only blessing and what you can get, your theology is from a table of demons and thus your prophets are false, evil, lying pillow prophets of comfort and ease, a real prophet will not be welcomed, he, like Micaiah in our last text, if your real you will be shunned, and maybe see a prison wall, the Apostles did, true O.T. Prophets did, they have always stoned and killed the true prophets, our lord cried this out.
Jerusalem, Jerusalem Thou that killeth and stoneth the prophets, how many times have I wanted to put you under my wings like a mother hen, but ye would not.
You can not have the gift of Prophecy without any conviction, lessons, bible based truths explained. An accurate knowledge of the bible is a must.
If you are called to Prophesy, or move in any gifts, listen, it better be no compromise, and for the lord, not to win friends and influence people, as most False Prophets on T.V. And radio today.
You want to be popular, you will never cut the grade to be a true, bold, loving, truth speaking Preacher -watchmen of the word, you, all Christians, are watchmen and women, so why are so few renouncing the secret hidden things of darkness, fear of rejection, fear of being hated, fear of causing a rift, listen these things follow the ministry of the Prophet, O.T. Or N.T.
Part 3, Chapter 3 title
Pt Three-The N.T. Prophets And False Prophets
I am giving examples of the soon to come out free E-Book on Prophets.