The Sabbath dispute, although there is no argument that I am involved in regarding this matter, the whole discussion of the Sabbath, in some form or another is a argument. There are always two sides to this, first many will claim the Sabbath to be Saturday, and still others will claim the Sabbath to be Sunday. Each side will argue their point and give scriptural evidence to support their claim to the Sabbath day that they hold fast to. I will discuss this Sabbath day dispute, and give evidence that will show why both sides believe what they do.
Well before we get into to the meat of things so to speak, all the evidence that I give in this writing will be scriptural evidence straight from the Bible, I will not use any commentaries or any man made written literature to support the Sabbath. I will use only the Bible, besides what better source to interpreter the Bible, than the Bible its self ? There is no better source
The Dean of my College asked me what is my take in one of the ten commandments, the Saturday Sabbath, now I want to be clear that this is not a dispute between myself and the Dean of the College, rather what you are about to read is just that, my take and understanding on this, but from a Biblical perspective, using only the Bible to interpret its self. All I ask is anyone who reads this, please “read the entire” writing first, and remember just because we may not agree on every topic that is argumentable in the Christian realm does not make me a heretic. A heretic would be a person who would not believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God, our Messiah, and I “do believe” and know for sure that Jesus Christ is the true one and only Son of God.
What is my take. My position on the Sabbath day ? I believe that we are no longer under the Saturday Sabbath day law. Now I did not say that we should not observe a day of rest or Sabbath, I merely said, I believe that we are no longer under the Saturday Sabbath day law. Let us look into the scriptures where it is all written. Let us read (Exodus Chapter 34 Verse 21 English Standard Version Bible) “Six days you shall work, but on the seventh day you shall rest. In plowing time and in harvest you shall rest.” So definitely God says in the Bible that we should have a day of rest, this is confirmed.
So where do we get the Saturday Sabbath from ? The Hebrew calendar, and how did we get the Saturday Sabbath form the Hebrew calendar ? I will explain. The book of Exodus was written by Moses, and since Moses was Hebrew, the language that Moses spoke was the Hebrew language, so the days of the week were determined by the Hebrew calendar, this is how the Saturday Sabbath came to be Saturday, and it is correct, yes correct, God said, six days you shall labor, but the seventh, you shall rest, so yes in the Old Testament the Saturday Sabbath law is correct.
This is the covenant of the Old Testament, as we read in the Old Testament in (Exodus Chapter 19 Verses 3 Through 6 English Standard Version Bible) “while Moses went up to God. The LORD called to him out of the mountain, saying, "Thus you shall say to the house of Jacob, and tell the people of Israel: You yourselves have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and how I bore you on eagles' wings and brought you to myself. Now therefore, if you will indeed obey my voice and keep my covenant, you shall be my treasured possession among all peoples, for all the earth is mine; and you shall be to me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation. These are the words that you shall speak to the people of Israel."
This was all written by Moses in the book of Exodus Chapter 19. Now in the very next chapter of Exodus Chapter 20 we have the ten commandments: You shall have no other gods before Me. You shall not make idols. You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain. Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Honor your father and your mother. You shall not murder. You shall not commit adultery. You shall not steal. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor. You shall not covet. So we see that the covenant was Given by God, then the ten commandments, and yes at this point the Saturday Sabbath is still covenant. I believe that we have made this virtually clear for all, so lets move forward.
Let us move forward to Jesus Christ, the New Testament, and the new covenant. What does Jesus Christ say about the new covenant ? Let us read in (Hebrew Chapter 8 Verses 6 Through 13 English Standard Version Bible) "But as it is, Christ has obtained a ministry that is as much more excellent than the old as the covenant he mediates is better, since it is enacted on better promises. For if that first covenant had been faultless, there would have been no occasion to look for a second. For he finds fault with them when he says: "Behold, the days are coming, declares the Lord, when I will establish a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah, not like the covenant that I made with their fathers on the day when I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt.
For they did not continue in my covenant, and so I showed no concern for them, declares the Lord. For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, declares the Lord: I will put my laws into their minds, and write them on their hearts, and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. And they shall not teach, each one his neighbor and each one his brother, saying, 'Know the Lord,' for they shall all know me, from the least of them to the greatest. For I will be merciful toward their iniquities, and I will remember their sins no more. "In speaking of a new covenant, he makes the first one obsolete. And what is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to vanish away.”
So I believe Jesus makes it pretty clear that there will be a new covenant, made by the son of God, Jesus Himself. Now where does Jesus actually say there is a new covenant, at the last or Lord's supper, we read this in (Luke Chapter 22 Verse 20 English Standard Version Bible) “And likewise the cup after they had eaten, saying, "This cup that is poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood.” This is proof positive that Jesus Christ established a new covenant, but does this mean that we are not to follow the ten commandments, no we are to follow them all !!! Yes all of them, let me explain. In the New Testament we will find all of the ten commandments listed, but for the sake of the topic of this paper, let stick to the Sabbath.
Lets us look into (Romans Chapter 14 Verses 5 And 6 (English Standard Version Bible)
“One person esteems one day as better than another, while another esteems all days alike. Each one should be fully convinced in his own mind. The one who observes the day, observes it in honor of the Lord. The one who eats, eats in honor of the Lord, since he gives thanks to God, while the one who abstains, abstains in honor of the Lord and gives thanks to God.”
I believe that these two verses from the book of Romans definitely clarifies that a Sabbath day must be observed, but each one person may decide this day themselves, as long as one day a week is observed as a Sabbath day, and the one who observes that day, observes it in honor of the Lord.
You see the typical argument is of what day the Sabbath is, rather than the observation of the Sabbath day as the Lord has commanded. Some might still say, that they observe that Sabbath day as the day Jesus Christ was crucified, that may be there position, it does say in the Bible that after Jesus dies that still observed the Sabbath, and some would that this is Sunday, still some may say that the Catholics changed the Sabbath day from Saturday to Sunday, I would rather see the answer from direct Bible scripture, as I showed, and go from the written Word of God.
But should we tear each other apart, or make heretical claims about one another, or should we embrace the agreed knowledge that Jesus Christ is the Son of God the Father Jehovah, our creator. And that Jesus dies on the cross at Calvary for your sins and mine, and was buried, and rose from the dead, and ascended into Heaven, with the promise of His return to judge the living and the dead.
When we take up swords for the finale battle, will we use them against one another, or hold fast to Jesus Christ, and fight and defeat our enemies together with and through Jesus Christ ? I hope it is the latter, my brothers in Christ.
NOTE: Dr Dan-In Early Church History the Christians worshiped on Saturday and Sunday, it was the Greeks that started Sunday only, not a Church. Not Catholic as some think and as Pastor Charles said.