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Thursday, September 8, 2016

Psalm- A Song To Study, Pray, Sing, after A Deliverance Comes- Haphtarah What It Is- and Means

The Psalm is from 2 Sam the psalm it self is Psalms 18

Psa 18:1 To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David, the servant of the LORD, who spake unto the LORD the words of this song in the day that the LORD delivered him from the hand of all his enemies, and from the hand of Saul: And he said, I will love thee, O LORD, my strength.


2Sa 22:1 And David spake unto the LORD the words of this song in the day that the LORD had delivered him out of the hand of all his enemies, and out of the hand of Saul:

2Sa 22:2 And he said, The LORD is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer;

2Sa 22:3 The God of my rock; in him will I trust: he is my shield, and the horn of my salvation, my high tower, and my refuge, my saviour; thou savest me from violence.

2Sa 22:4 I will call on the LORD, who is worthy to be praised: so shall I be saved from mine enemies.

2Sa 22:5 When the waves of death compassed me, the floods of ungodly men made me afraid;

2Sa 22:6 The sorrows of hell compassed me about; the snares of death prevented me;

2Sa 22:7 In my distress I called upon the LORD, and cried to my God: and he did hear my voice out of his temple, and my cry did enter into his ears.

2Sa 22:8 Then the earth shook and trembled; the foundations of heaven moved and shook, because he was wroth.

2Sa 22:9 There went up a smoke out of his nostrils, and fire out of his mouth devoured: coals were kindled by it.

2Sa 22:10 He bowed the heavens also, and came down; and darkness was under his feet.

2Sa 22:11 And he rode upon a cherub, and did fly: and he was seen upon the wings of the wind.

2Sa 22:12 And he made darkness pavilions round about him, dark waters, and thick clouds of the skies.

2Sa 22:13 Through the brightness before him were coals of fire kindled.

2Sa 22:14 The LORD thundered from heaven, and the most High uttered his voice.

2Sa 22:15 And he sent out arrows, and scattered them; lightning, and discomfited them.

2Sa 22:16 And the channels of the sea appeared, the foundations of the world were discovered, at the rebuking of the LORD, at the blast of the breath of his nostrils.

2Sa 22:17 He sent from above, he took me; he drew me out of many waters;

2Sa 22:18 He delivered me from my strong enemy, and from them that hated me: for they were too strong for me.

2Sa 22:19 They prevented me in the day of my calamity: but the LORD was my stay.

2Sa 22:20 He brought me forth also into a large place: he delivered me, because he delighted in me.

2Sa 22:21 The LORD rewarded me according to my righteousness: according to the cleanness of my hands hath he recompensed me.

2Sa 22:22 For I have kept the ways of the LORD, and have not wickedly departed from my God.

2Sa 22:23 For all his judgments were before me: and as for his statutes, I did not depart from them.
2Sa 22:24 I was also upright before him, and have kept myself from mine iniquity.

2Sa 22:25 Therefore the LORD hath recompensed me according to my righteousness; according to my cleanness in his eye sight.

2Sa 22:26 With the merciful thou wilt shew thyself merciful, and with the upright man thou wilt shew thyself upright.

2Sa 22:27 With the pure thou wilt shew thyself pure; and with the froward thou wilt shew thyself unsavoury.

2Sa 22:28 And the afflicted people thou wilt save: but thine eyes are upon the haughty, that thou mayest bring them down.

2Sa 22:29 For thou art my lamp, O LORD: and the LORD will lighten my darkness.

2Sa 22:30 For by thee I have run through a troop: by my God have I leaped over a wall.

2Sa 22:31 As for God, his way is perfect; the word of the LORD is tried: he is a buckler to all them that trust in him.

2Sa 22:32 For who is God, save the LORD? and who is a rock, save our God?

2Sa 22:33 God is my strength and power: and he maketh my way perfect.

2Sa 22:34 He maketh my feet like hinds' feet: and setteth me upon my high places.

2Sa 22:35 He teacheth my hands to war; so that a bow of steel is broken by mine arms.

2Sa 22:36 Thou hast also given me the shield of thy salvation: and thy gentleness hath made me great.

2Sa 22:37 Thou hast enlarged my steps under me; so that my feet did not slip.

2Sa 22:38 I have pursued mine enemies, and destroyed them; and turned not again until I had consumed them.

2Sa 22:39 And I have consumed them, and wounded them, that they could not arise: yea, they are fallen under my feet.

2Sa 22:40 For thou hast girded me with strength to battle: them that rose up against me hast thou subdued under me.

2Sa 22:41 Thou hast also given me the necks of mine enemies, that I might destroy them that hate me.

2Sa 22:42 They looked, but there was none to save; even unto the LORD, but he answered them not.

2Sa 22:43 Then did I beat them as small as the dust of the earth, I did stamp them as the mire of the street, and did spread them

2Sa 22:44 Thou also hast delivered me from the strivings of my people, thou hast kept me to be head of the heathen: a people which I knew not shall serve me.

2Sa 22:45 Strangers shall submit themselves unto me: as soon as they hear, they shall be obedient unto me.

2Sa 22:46 Strangers shall fade away, and they shall be afraid out of their close places.

2Sa 22:47 The LORD liveth; and blessed be my rock; and exalted be the God of the rock of my salvation.

2Sa 22:48 It is God that avengeth me, and that bringeth down the people under me,

2Sa 22:49 And that bringeth me forth from mine enemies: thou also hast lifted me up on high above them that rose up against me: thou hast delivered me from the violent man.

2Sa 22:50 Therefore I will give thanks unto thee, O LORD, among the heathen, and I will sing praises unto thy name.

2Sa 22:51 He is the tower of salvation for his king: and sheweth mercy to his anointed, unto David, and to his seed for evermore.

About this chapter.

Cambridge:

2 Samuel 22

Ch. 22. David’s thanksgiving for deliverance from his enemies

This magnificent hymn is substantially identical with Psalms 18. The chief variations are pointed out in the notes, and some general remarks on the difference of the two texts will be found in Additional Note III., p. 235.

It was written, as the title indicates, when David’s triumphs over his enemies at home and abroad were still recent. Its composition may with much probability be assigned to the period of peace described in ch. 2Sa_7:1; but must be placed after Nathan’s visit, as 2Sa_22:51 seems clearly to refer to the great promise made through him. The free and joyous tone of the Psalm, and its bold expressions of conscious integrity, also point to the earlier years of David’s reign rather than the later, overclouded as these were by the fatal consequences of his sin.

This chapter is the Haphtarah or lesson from the prophets appointed to be read in the Synagogue on the Sabbath in conjunction with Deuteronomy 32 according to the ritual of the Sephardim or Spanish Jews, and also on the seventh day of the Passover.

What is a Haphtarah, and when do we find it used, more on this type of Psalm;



What Is the Haftarah, and Why Do We Read It?

A passage from the Prophets recited after Torah reading.

By Rabbi Peretz Rodman

Traditionally, on Shabbat and holiday mornings, a selection from one of the biblical books of the Prophets is read after the Torah reading. The portion is known as the haftarah (hahf-tah-RAH, or in Ashkenazic Hebrew: hahf-TOH-rah). On two fast days, Yom Kippur and Tisha B’av, a haftarah is recited at both morning and afternoon services.

While the Torah reading cycle proceeds from Genesis through Deuteronomy, covering the entire Five Books of Moses, only selected passages from the Prophets make it into the haftarah cycle. A cluster or three or four berakhot (blessings), depending on the occasion, follows the haftarah. Their call for prophecy to be fulfilled and for God to restore the Jewish people to Zion serve as a finale to the full set of the day’s scriptural readings, Torah and Haftarah together.

Prophets of Truth and Justice

Rabbinic literature does not discuss the origin of the practice of reading publicly from the Prophets in a formal cycle. We might look to the liturgical setting of the haftarah, haftarah readingthen, for some clue about its intended function. In addition to berakhot (blessings) recited after the portion, every haftarah is introduced with a berakhah (blessing) praising God for having “chosen good prophets and accepted their words, spoken in truth.”

The formula goes on to note that God shows favor to “the Torah, Moses His servant, Israel His people, and the prophets of truth and justice.” This focus on the reliability of the Israelite prophets has led some scholars in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, including Adolf Büchler and Abraham Zevi Idelsohn, to speculate that the institution of the haftarah originated in bitter polemics among competing religious groups in Ancient Israel — the Jews and the Samaritans.

How Were Haftarah Passages Selected?

It may be that haftarah passages were originally selected arbitrarily, by randomly opening a scroll of one of the prophetic books and reading whatever one happened to find, or at least the choice was not predetermined by tradition. So it would appear from a story in the Gospel of Luke (4:16ff.), in which Jesus, visiting a synagogue in Nazareth on a Shabbat, is handed a scroll of Isaiah and asked to open it and read from it. Jesus is reading a haftarah, it seems, and some scholars interpret the verses to mean that the place at which the reader was to begin and end was not indicated to him. (Büchler disagrees, and Ismar Elbogen, in his authoritative history of Jewish liturgy, despairs of ever answering the question definitively.)

Later, traditions developed of reading a particular passage with each weekly Torah portion. The Babylonian Talmud (Megillah 29b) suggests that a haftarah should “resemble” the Torah reading of the day. The haftarah is, in fact, usually linked to a theme or genre from the Torah reading. For example, on the week when the Torah reading features the song sung by the Israelites when they witnessed the parting of the sea at the Exodus (Exodus 15), the haftarah includes the Song of Deborah sung in response to the military victory of the chieftain Deborah and her commanding general, Barak (Judges 5). When the Torah reading relates the story of the 12 scouts sent by Moses to spy out Canaan, the haftarah (from Joshua 2) focuses on the two spies sent by Joshua to Jericho in advance of his campaign to conquer that city.

The haftarah for a given holiday is either linked closely to a core theme of the holiday’s jonah whaleobservance or captures something of its later echoes in the Bible. Thus, the theme of God’s readiness to forgive sin underlies the choice of Jonah for the afternoon of Yom Kippur, and the observance of Sukkot in the idyllic future, as related by Zechariah, serves as the haftarah for the first day of that holiday.

Spotting the connection, sometimes very subtle, between the Torah reading and haftarah is part of appreciating the artistry of Jewish liturgy. Identifying that correlation can be a source of intellectual and aesthetic enjoyment for synagogue-goers, and is the subject of considerable commentary.

Many weeks, though, the Shabbat morning haftarah bears no relationship to that day’s Torah reading, but is instead a haftarah (or one of a series of haftarot) geared to nearby events on the Jewish calendar. On the Shabbat before Purim, for example, when the Torah reading ends with an extra passage on the destruction of Amalek, the haftarah (from 1 Samuel) recounts the tale of the Amalekite king spared by Samuel. The first word of that haftarah, “Zakhor” (“Remember”) lends its name to the day: Shabbat Zakhor.

Such is the practice on other occasions as well. The haftarah on the Shabbat between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur (the first word of which, “Shuvah,” lends its name to Shabbat Shuvah) issues a call for repentance appropriate to the 10-day period in which it falls. The haftarot of the three Shabbatot that precede Tisha b’Av sound a warning of impending disaster appropriate to the upcoming observance of the anniversary of the Temple’s destruction. For fully seven Shabbatot afterward, the haftarot offer consolation and encouragement, as if the destruction were a current event.

Not all Jewish communities share the same selections of haftarah for each Shabbat or holiday. The customs of major Jewish ethnic groups vary from each other, and even within a given group — Ashkenazi, Sephardic, Yemenite, etc. — there are local variations.
Different Literature, Different Music

Just as the Torah is traditionally chanted, not merely recited, haftarot are sung according to the traditional notation system for biblical books, called ta’amei ha-mikra or, among Ashkenazim, trope. A haftarah, unlike a Torah reading, is chanted with a separate trope in a minor key that yields a more plaintive, nuanced melody.

The person who is to read the haftarah is called to the Torah for a last, additional aliyah called “maftir.” The term (of which “haftarah” is a noun form) is related to the verb “to depart” and stems from the fact that this aliyah is an addendum to the Torah reading. Several verses at the end of the last aliyah of that day’s Torah reading are repeated in the aliyah read by or for the maftir.

Although there is no essential link between bar/bat mitzvah and the haftarah, it has become common practice for an adolescent becoming bar/bat mitzvah to take on the task of chanting the haftarah and associated blessings. In this way, perhaps, the haftarah has emerged from the shadows, where it formed merely an addendum to the “main event” of Torah reading, into the liturgical spotlight, where it is given the full attention that, one might argue, it deserves.

FYI-The Jewish Calendar this year, the Jewish civil calendar , the new year is Oct 3, 2016, year 5777-2017, so 2017 starts on Oct 3, 2016. the 7th month with the 3 major feasts in September. This is why we always see events in September. (9-11, the big one). Lucifarians know the bible and use it to try and destroy all that is of the lord God Jehovah.

Thus, we will see in Oct events. The short prophecy was Sept to Nov. end, high alert and the possible full collapse of the world as we know it. Understand TPTB are not in control, they can only do what God allows, because the West is under Judgment, the lord is using this evil rod as the Babylonians, Egyptian's, Greek's and others to do his judgments . This is saying, our national hedge of protection is gone, and God has ordained the West to a time of great trial and purging.

How does this fit with the message of deliverance?

To the holy Remnant, we will see many such victories, we will be strong and do great exploits for our lord. We will rise from our own ashes and experience a great awakening.

We are not called unto wrath, many will die, but we are not called to wrath. While God is letting down the national wall of protection, he is today, making the wall of protection around those that are his stronger,thicker and impossible to scale over, you will not die one second before you name is called, this is the victory while all hell is breaking lose.

When this is in full swing, we will not have a way to communicate, but I see many people world wide, a global remnant that will have many victories and mighty things to share.

We will never know of the things until we are in Glory.

No record, no history as we enter into a Dark Age, this means no historic records, not a mystical darkness as some think, basic history 101.

We will see victories over evil. WE will see such victories over evil like we read in Acts ch 19;

Act 19:13 Then certain of the vagabond Jews, exorcists, took upon them to call over them which had evil spirits the name of the Lord Jesus, saying, We adjure you by Jesus whom Paul preacheth.

Act 19:14 And there were seven sons of one Sceva, a Jew, and chief of the priests, which did so.

Act 19:15 And the evil spirit answered and said, Jesus I know, and Paul I know; but who are ye?

Act 19:16 And the man in whom the evil spirit was leaped on them, and overcame them, and prevailed against them, so that they fled out of that house naked and wounded.

Act 19:17 And this was known to all the Jews and Greeks also dwelling at Ephesus; and fear fell on them all, and the name of the Lord Jesus was magnified.

Act 19:18 And many that believed came, and confessed, and shewed their deeds.

Act 19:19 Many of them also which used curious arts brought their books together, and burned them before all men: and they counted the price of them, and found it fifty thousand pieces of silver.

Act 19:20 So mightily grew the word of God and prevailed.

Understand reader, many are confused on this bible fact. Many now days think, and are listening to false watchmen say we are in the tribulation, we are not, I have wrote this so many times.

This is causing fear, confusion it sales books, survival gear, newsletter subscriptions, paid website content and more, money, money, fear sales.

Today, in the birth pains, we still have, by Jesus 100% power over the demonic forces we see being unleashed all over. In Jesus name we still have power, we are not powerless.

In Revelations during the mid trib, this is after the 144,000 Jews are called and the Jewish Remnant escape by the lord to a safe haven. The Antichrist is so mad he goes to make war with her seed. The gentiles, this is when the mark of the beast comes in and this is when the Antichrist is given power over the saints, to kill them and weary them out. This remains till the end of the tribulation and when Jesus comes back to Earth and avenges the tribulation saints and the saints of all time.

Now, today, we are not in this prophecy time line, and so today, we still have power in Jesus name to rebuke, cast out, and overcome all evil. Reader understand , this is the bible truth. Be strong, bold as a lion and do not cave in under the pressure, or lose heart.

I pray you are getting this, the fear, confusion, weakness comes from false teachers teaching we are already in the tribulation, this is viral all over the internet it is a lie, and not what the bible teaches. Make your choice today, who will you believe, man made doctrines from hell and foolishness, or what our lord says in his word.


2 comments:

  1. I love the info on the haftorah! Here is great list of the weekly parasha,torah readings with commentary.

    http://www.yashanet.com/shabbat/parsha.htm

    ReplyDelete

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