KJV- Heb 11:1 Now faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen.
ASV- Heb 11:1 Now faith is assurance of things hoped for, a conviction of things not seen.
ISV- Heb 11:1 Now faith is the assurance that what we hope for will come about and the certainty that what we cannot see exists.
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.: - also, and, but, moreover, now [often unexpressed in English].
From G3982; persuasion, that is, credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly constancy in such profession; by extension the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself: - assurance, belief, believe, faith, fidelity.
A primary verb; to convince (by argument, true or false); by analogy to pacify or conciliate (by other fair means); reflexively or passively to assent (to evidence or authority), to rely (by inward certainty): - agree, assure, believe, have confidence, be (wax) content, make friend, obey, persuade, trust, yield.
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are: - are, be (-long), call, X can [-not], come, consisteth, X dure for awhile, + follow, X have, (that) is (to say), make, meaneth, X must needs, + profit, + remaineth, + wrestle.
The substance- G5287
From a compound of G5259 and G2476; a setting under (support), that is, (figuratively) concretely essence, or abstractly assurance (objectively or subjectively): - confidence, confident, person, substance.
Note: I did a sermon on Just this Greek word alone, with another related, it was standing under, to stand, This is a deep truth, we are to stand under our lord, to understand what he has to teach us, and faith is a big one, for all insight, revelation we must stand under His lordship, so we can stand by Grace.
A prolonged form of a primary word στάω staō (of the same meaning, and used for it in certain tenses); to stand (transitively or intransitively), used in various applications (literally or figuratively): - abide, appoint, bring, continue, covenant, establish, hold up, lay, present, set (up), stanch, stand (by, forth, still, up). Compare G5087.
Of Things Hoped For- G1679
From G1680; to expect or confide: - (have, thing) hope (-d) (for), trust.
Fromἔλπω elpō which is a primary word (to anticipate, usually with pleasure); expectation (abstract or concrete) or confidence: - faith, hope.
From G1651; proof, conviction: - evidence, reproof.
Of uncertain affinity; to confute, admonish: - convict, convince, tell a fault, rebuke, reprove.
Of Things- G4229
From G4238; a deed; by implication an affair; by extension an object (material): - business, matter, thing, work.
A primary verb; to “practise”, that is, perform repeatedly or habitually (thus differing from G4160, which properly refers to a single act); by implication to execute, accomplish, etc.; specifically to collect (dues), fare (personally): - commit, deeds, do, exact, keep, require, use arts.
Also οὐκ ouk ook used before a vowel and οὐχ ouch ookh before an aspirate.
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not: - + long, nay, neither, never, no (X man), none, [can-] not, + nothing, + special, un ([-worthy]), when, + without, + yet but. See also G3364, G3372.
A primary verb; to look at (literally or figuratively): - behold, beware, lie, look (on, to), perceive, regard, see, sight, take heed. Compare G3700.
The first a (middle voice) prolonged form of the second (primary) which is used for it in certain tenses; and both as alternates of G3708; to gaze (that is, with wide open eyes, as at something remarkable; and thus differing from G991, which denotes simply voluntary observation; and from G1492, which expresses merely mechanical, passive or casual vision; while G2300, and still more emphatically its intensive G2334, signifies an earnest but more continued inspection; and G4648 a watching from a distance): - appear, look, see, shew self.
The assurance of things hoped for (elpizomenōn hupostasis). Hupostasis is a very common word from Aristotle on and comes from huphistēmi (hupo, under, histēmi, intransitive), what stands under anything (a building, a contract, a promise). See the philosophical use of it in Heb_1:3, the sense of assurance (une assurance certaine, Menegoz) in Heb_3:14, that steadiness of mind which holds one firm (2Co_9:4). It is common in the papyri in business documents as the basis or guarantee of transactions. “And as this is the essential meaning in Heb_11:1 we venture to suggest the translation ‘Faith is the title-deed of things hoped for’” (Moulton and Milligan, Vocabulary, etc.).
The proving of things not seen (pragmatōn elegchos ou blepomenōn). The only N.T. example of elegchos (except Textus Receptus in 2Ti_3:16 for elegmon). Old and common word from elegchō (Mat_18:15) for “proof” and then for “conviction.” Both uses occur in the papyri and either makes sense here, perhaps “conviction” suiting better though not in the older Greek.
Without the article, indicating that it is treated in its abstract conception, and not merely as Christian faith. It is important that the preliminary definition should be clearly understood, since the following examples illustrate it. The key is furnished by Heb_11:27, as seeing him who is invisible. Faith apprehends as a real fact what is not revealed to the senses. It rests on that fact, acts upon it, and is upheld by it in the face of all that seems to contradict it. Faith is a real seeing.
Note: That may be one of the best and most powerful insights to biblical faith I have ever read, re-read the underlined portion, get it in your spirit, that is meat.
See on Heb_1:3 and see on Heb_3:14. On the whole, the Rev. assurance gives the true meaning. The definition has a scholastic and philosophic quality, as might be expected from a pupil of the Alexandrian schools. The meaning substance, real being, given by A.V., Vulg., and many earlier interpreters, suggests the true sense, but is philosophically inaccurate. Substance, as used by these translators, is substantial nature; the real nature of a thing which underlies and supports its outward form or properties. In this sense it is very appropriate in Heb_1:3, in describing the nature of the Son as the image or impress of God's essential being: but in this sense it is improperly applied to faith, which is an act of the moral intelligence directed at an object; or a condition which sustains a certain relation to the object. It cannot be said that faith is substantial being. It apprehends reality: it is that to which the unseen objects of hope become real and substantial. Assurance gives the true idea. It is the firm grasp of faith on unseen fact.
N.T.o. Quite often in lxx for יָכַֽח, to reprove, rebuke, punish, blame. See Pro_1:23; Wisd. 2:14; Sir. 21:12. See especially on the kindred verb ἐλέγχειν, Joh_3:20. Rend. conviction. Observe that ὑπόστασις and ἔλεγχος are not two distinct and independent conceptions, in which case καὶ would have been added; but they stand in apposition. Ἔλεγχος is really included in ὑπόστασις, but adds to the simple idea of assurance a suggestion of influences operating to produce conviction which carry the force of demonstration. The word often signifies a process of proof or demonstration. So von Soden: “a being convinced. Therefore not a rash, feebly-grounded hypothesis, a dream of hope, the child of a wish.”
Note: another very deep truth, love word studies, it gives us so many gems in the English words.
Of things (πραγμάτων)
Πρᾶγμα is, strictly, a thing done; an accomplished fact. It introduces a wider conception than ἐλπιζομένων things hoped for; embracing not only future realities, but all that does not fall under the cognizance of the senses, whether past, present, or future.
Heb 11:1- is indeed where we go to start a word, verse study, to understand biblical faith, not hyper faith, or word of faith teachings, but sound doctrine faith. Some over emphasize this Faith issue, but it is a part of the gospel diamond, part of the whole, let us not allow the false teachers steal any of the truths of the lords word by ill teaching it, or twisting it. Faith is extremely important to every bible believer. Faith is explained word by word, and we see what 11:1 means by the simple use of s Strong's, Rodgers word pitchers, and Vincent's Greek word studies. This is the purpose I posted it this way, a simple systematic look at how the word - taken in context, what a word, or verse means, and this is but step one of a detailed study on a subject. Use this simple approach when studying the word, again, this is but the skeleton example, and by no means an exhaustive study, it is the way to begin, than as you study more, do cross reference on your subject, uses the bible as your bible commentary, you will, by the Holy Spirits teaching at the end come to your conclusion.
Over time, as you learn more, you will add more to your knowledge of a subject, start with a place, a subject where you are at, right now, this gives your study an edge, as you need to know, and the lord will teach you. Rightly divide the word, I have said often, means to dissect, this is what you just read, step one in the dissection.
Find something you may have never understood fully and study that, a desire to learn, and the joy it brings is always best when the study has something to do with you, someone close to you, or something you have been wanting to know all about, maybe for years. The word is your plume line of truth, the spirit of truth will illuminate the word, once you have grasped it, you will get sound doctrine, revelations from the word. The word is alive and active, it still speaks, as the lord still speaks, and he does this by his word, prayer , confirmations, closed doors, open doors, circumstances, life’s hardships, life’s goodness, other Christians. It is a way of teaching and guiding us into all truth that last a life time.
I will say what I did a message on not long ago, " The best school on Earth Is the one you Never graduate from, Until Your in Glory" that is the Gospel way of growing more and more into the image of our lord.
To me the thing that stuck out the most was what Vincent’s study said.
Faith apprehends as a real fact what is not revealed to the senses. It rests on that fact, acts upon it, and is upheld by it in the face of all that seems to contradict it. Faith is a real seeing.
I think that is a faith building, and a truth, something to read over and over and let sink deep into your spirit.
Faith, I chose, as I have been doing studies in and on Faith, and it is a current need to know all I can about it, seems simple, but we all have our things that we desire to learn more of, esp. when it is most needed.