Types of Christ In The Old Testament By: Pastor Dr. Charles Novak

When we read the Bible, although we know that Jesus does not enter in to the living story line till the New Testament. But does this mean that the Bible does not make mention, or ever show us alternative stories where they relate to Jesus and His sacrifices? The bible shows us numerous stories that although others were involved in, they still show us that this was defiantly a type of Christ, by what has happened in the story. We know that a verbal reference word for Jesus in the Bible, is written as the “Word” another is “Light” But for know lets concentrate on the “Word” We know that Jesus was with God the Father Jehovah, at the beginning when all things were Created.

This we know because our Bible tells us so, as we read in (John Chapter 1 Verses 1 Through 3 English Standard Version) “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things were made through him, and without him was not any thing made that was made.” Just as we read the very next verse. We see the introduction of the word “Light” in reference to our Savior Jesus Christ, we see this in (John Chapter 1 Verses 4 And 5 English Standard Version) “In him was life, and the life was the light of men. The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it.” Also in (John Chapter 1 Verse 9) “The true light, which gives light to everyone, was coming into the world.” Just as we see these verbal references to Jesus, we can see the same written references to Jesus in the stories all through the Bible in the Old Testament.

One of the most known, and also on of the most easiest seen as a type of Jesus in the Old Testament is the story of Abraham, who brings his son Isaac to be sacrificed as commanded by God the Father Jehovah, we read this in (Genesis Chapter 22 Verses 1 Through 13 English Standard Version) “After these things God tested Abraham and said to him, "Abraham!" And he said, "Here I am." He said, "Take your son, your only son Isaac, whom you love, and go to the land of Moriah, and offer him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains of which I shall tell you." So Abraham rose early in the morning, saddled his donkey, and took two of his young men with him, and his son Isaac. And he cut the wood for the burnt offering and arose and went to the place of which God had told him. On the third day Abraham lifted up his eyes and saw the place from afar. Then Abraham said to his young men, "Stay here with the donkey; I and the boy will go over there and worship and come again to you."

And Abraham took the wood of the burnt offering and laid it on Isaac his son. And he took in his hand the fire and the knife. So they went both of them together. And Isaac said to his father Abraham, "My father!" And he said, "Here I am, my son." He said, "Behold, the fire and the wood, but where is the lamb for a burnt offering?" Abraham said, "God will provide for himself the lamb for a burnt offering, my son." So they went both of them together. When they came to the place of which God had told him, Abraham built the altar there and laid the wood in order and bound Isaac his son and laid him on the altar, on top of the wood. Then Abraham reached out his hand and took the knife to slaughter his son. But the angel of the LORD called to him from heaven and said, "Abraham, Abraham!" And he said, "Here I am." He said, "Do not lay your hand on the boy or do anything to him, for now I know that you fear God, seeing you have not withheld your son, your only son, from me."And Abraham lifted up his eyes and looked, and behold, behind him was a ram, caught in a thicket by his horns. And Abraham went and took the ram and offered it up as a burnt offering instead of his son.”

We see here that God the Father Jehovah, has commanded Abraham to sacrifice his son, but not just any son, but his “only son” God specifically says your “only son” this is a direct reference to Jesus as is written in (John Chapter 3 Verse 16 English Standard Version) “For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life.” As we see in John 3:16 when referring to Jesus the Son of God it says, God so loved the world that He gave His only son, this is how we know without a doubt that in the story of Abraham and Isaac that Isaac is a type of Christ in the story. Moving forward, not only its it written as his only son, but this only son was to be made a sacrifice, as was our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. So if you are a first time Bible reader, you may nit notice this until you read or hear the story of Abraham and Isaac, and then read or hear of the verse John 3:16, and the Crucifixion, that you might make this connection. The Bible is informing was through the written Word, that Jesus and all that He must endure, for the fulfillment of Scriptures is being seen in the Word, even as at the beginning of the Bible. In the first book of the Bible, Genesis.

Another prominent story in the Bible that shows a type of Christ, would be the story of Joseph, who is sold into slavery by his brothers, this story also makes a great point. This we read in (Genesis Chapter 37 Verses 1 Through 34 English Standard Version) “Jacob lived in the land of his father's sojournings, in the land of Canaan. These are the generations of Jacob. Joseph, being seventeen years old, was pasturing the flock with his brothers. He was a boy with the sons of Bilhah and Zilpah, his father's wives. And Joseph brought a bad report of them to their father. Now Israel loved Joseph more than any other of his sons, because he was the son of his old age. And he made him a robe of many colors. But when his brothers saw that their father loved him more than all his brothers, they hated him and could not speak peacefully to him. Now Joseph had a dream, and when he told it to his brothers they hated him even more. He said to them, "Hear this dream that I have dreamed: Behold, we were binding sheaves in the field, and behold, my sheaf arose and stood upright. And behold, your sheaves gathered around it and bowed down to my sheaf."

His brothers said to him, "Are you indeed to reign over us? Or are you indeed to rule over us?" So they hated him even more for his dreams and for his words. Then he dreamed another dream and told it to his brothers and said, "Behold, I have dreamed another dream. Behold, the sun, the moon, and eleven stars were bowing down to me." But when he told it to his father and to his brothers, his father rebuked him and said to him, "What is this dream that you have dreamed? Shall I and your mother and your brothers indeed come to bow ourselves to the ground before you?" And his brothers were jealous of him, but his father kept the saying in mind. Now his brothers went to pasture their father's flock near Shechem. And Israel said to Joseph, "Are not your brothers pasturing the flock at Shechem? Come, I will send you to them." And he said to him, "Here I am." So he said to him, "Go now, see if it is well with your brothers and with the flock, and bring me word." So he sent him from the Valley of Hebron, and he came to Shechem. And a man found him wandering in the fields. And the man asked him, "What are you seeking?" "I am seeking my brothers," he said.

"Tell me, please, where they are pasturing the flock." And the man said, "They have gone away, for I heard them say, 'Let us go to Dothan.'" So Joseph went after his brothers and found them at Dothan. They saw him from afar, and before he came near to them they conspired against him to kill him. They said to one another, "Here comes this dreamer. Come now, let us kill him and throw him into one of the pits. Then we will say that a fierce animal has devoured him, and we will see what will become of his dreams." But when Reuben heard it, he rescued him out of their hands, saying, "Let us not take his life." And Reuben said to them, "Shed no blood; throw him into this pit here in the wilderness, but do not lay a hand on him"—that he might rescue him out of their hand to restore him to his father. So when Joseph came to his brothers, they stripped him of his robe, the robe of many colors that he wore. And they took him and threw him into a pit. The pit was empty; there was no water in it. Then they sat down to eat. And looking up they saw a caravan of Ishmaelites coming from Gilead, with their camels bearing gum, balm, and myrrh, on their way to carry it down to Egypt.

Then Judah said to his brothers, "What profit is it if we kill our brother and conceal his blood? Come, let us sell him to the Ishmaelites, and let not our hand be upon him, for he is our brother, our own flesh." And his brothers listened to him. Then Midianite traders passed by. And they drew Joseph up and lifted him out of the pit, and sold him to the Ishmaelites for twenty shekels of silver. They took Joseph to Egypt. When Reuben returned to the pit and saw that Joseph was not in the pit, he tore his clothes and returned to his brothers and said, "The boy is gone, and I, where shall I go?" Then they took Joseph's robe and slaughtered a goat and dipped the robe in the blood. And they sent the robe of many colors and brought it to their father and said, "This we have found; please identify whether it is your son's robe or not." And he identified it and said, "It is my son's robe. A fierce animal has devoured him. Joseph is without doubt torn to pieces." Then Jacob tore his garments and put sackcloth on his loins and mourned for his son many days.

Can you see the similarities between Joseph and Jesus in the story? Joseph was the beloved son of his father, as we read above, in the beginning of the story. Just as Jesus is the beloved Son of His Father, as we see in (Matthew Chapter 3 Verse 17 English Version Version) "and behold, a voice from heaven said, "This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased." Joseph was rejected by his brothers, as we see in the above story, and Jesus was rejected by the leaders of His people, the Jews, as we see in (Isiah Chapter 53 Verse 3 English Stanford Version) “He was despised and rejected by men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief; and as one from whom men hide their faces he was despised, and we esteemed him not.” Also in (John Chapter 1 Verse 11 English Standard Version) “He came to his own, and his own people did not receive him.”

Joseph was sold at the forcing of his brother Judah into the hands of Gentiles, as we see in the above story, also Jesus was sold by Judas, a form of the name Judah, and handed over to Gentiles, the Romans, as we see in (Matthew Chapter 27 Verse 3 English Standard Version) "Then when Judas, his betrayer, saw that Jesus was condemned, he changed his mind and brought back the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and the elders.” Joseph was sold for 20 pieces of silver, the price of a slave his age, as is in the above story, also Jesus was sold for 30 pieces of silver, the price of a slave His age, as we read in (Matthew Chapter 26 Verse 15 English Standard Version) "And said, "What will you give me if I deliver him over to you?" And they paid him thirty pieces of silver.”

The attempt to get rid of Joseph led to the salvation of Joseph’s family, as we read in (Genesis Chapter 45 Verses 4 And 5 English Standard Version) "So Joseph said to his brothers, "Come near to me, please." And they came near. And he said, "I am your brother, Joseph, whom you sold into Egypt. And now do not be distressed or angry with yourselves because you sold me here, for God sent me before you to preserve life.” Also the attempt to kill Jesus led to the Atonement and salvation for Heavenly Father’s family, as we read in (II Corinthians Chapter 5 Verse 15 English Standard Version) "And he died for all, that those who live might no longer live for themselves but for him who for their sake died and was raised. Also in (Acts Chapter 4 Verse 12 English Standard Version) “And there is salvation in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given among men by which we must be saved."

So often we might think that the announcement of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ is not made known till the New Testament in the Bible, or some have said that the Bible does not even made mention of Jesus till the New Testament in the Bible. Both have been proven wrong here, with simple true stories written in the Word of God, in Hos book, the Bible for all to see. Also let us not forget to mention that we elaborated on the stories that show types of Christs int the Bible, we have not even given time or reference to the numerous passages of Scriptures that refer to Jesus with writing in the terms of “Word” or “Light” in the Bible. If we close a blond eye to the truths of the Bible, we will not see Jesus in the Old Testament at all, or in the Word, or Light. How much more if we close a blond eye, do not see Him in our day to day lives? Keep your eyes open, and you thoughts focused, and remember what has been written for us to read, and know in (Matthew Chapter 24 Verses 42 Through 44 English Standard Version) “Therefore, stay awake, for you do not know on what day your Lord is coming. But know this, that if the master of the house had known in what part of the night the thief was coming, he would have stayed awake and would not have let his house be broken into. Therefore you also must be ready, for the Son of Man is coming at an hour you do not expect.”

God grant your people to see this Word as given by you, that all may have a better understanding of you, and your Word. And bring those unaware of you to your knowledge. In your Precious Holy name I Pray these and all things, Amen.